7 ENDANGERED SPECIES ON BOTH LAND AND IN WATER | (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species

ENDANGERED SPECIES:

An endangered species’ population is rapidly declining. The threat could be severe enough that the animal goes extinct. However, if it is fortunate enough, it may be able to be saved through conservation efforts. For a variety of reasons, a species may become endangered. As we all know, humans are the most heinous predators of nonhumans. A man manipulates the environment to satisfy his hunger, changing its fundamental structure and driving animals out of their natural habitats. Human-caused habitat loss is the most significant factor contributing to species extinction. Animals are prone to disease and predation by other animals. This can sometimes result in species extinction.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species is the most comprehensive directory of the world’s plants and animals. It is also known as the Red Data Book. It first appeared in 1964. The Red List is compiled using an assessment system that employs specific criteria to determine the risks posed by a given species. The criteria include population decline rate, geographical range, surviving population size, and so on. The status of a species is determined after a thorough investigation using these tools. They could be extinct in the wild, critically endangered, vulnerable, near threatened, least concerned, lacking data, or not evaluated.

Scientists assess the conservation status every five years. The Red List is then updated with new information. As a result, the information gathered assists governments and other organizations in prioritizing their conservation efforts. You will learn about some endangered animals later in this article.

Endangered Species
  • Asiatic Lions: Asiatic lions are among the animals threatened with extinction as a result of human activity. They are also referred to as Indian Lions. Asiatic lions are now only found in the Gir forests of Gujarat, with an estimated population of 400-600. For the past two decades, the government and charitable organizations have worked tirelessly to save this endangered species. As a result, the Gir Forest National Park’s Asiatic lion population has grown. These animals are still susceptible to disease outbreaks. Poaching is another factor that has contributed to their decline. Because some lions live outside of protected areas, they rarely visit nearby villages, resulting in conflicts with humans. Along with the Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, snow leopard, and clouded leopard, the lion is one of five big cat species found in India.
  • Bengal Tiger: The Bengal tiger, also known as the royal Bengal tiger, is a tiger subspecies found primarily in India, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. This wild cat is well-known for its strength and power. It primarily hunts teeth for food and medicine. Because of habitat loss, which has led to the extinction of many animals, tigers have been drawn to nearby villages in search of prey. This has increasingly led to conflict between humans and tigers, with the latter being mostly killed as a result. The only tigers that live in mangrove forests are Bengal tigers in the Sundarbans.

Image by Rick L

  • Bornean Orangutans: Bornean orangutans are a type of orangutan found on the island of Borneo. Orangutans are highly intelligent and skilled animals that share more than 90% of their DNA with humans. They are small apes that consume over 500 plant species as part of their diet. Experts believe that orangutans are important because of the important role they play in seed dispersal. This contributes significantly to the health of forests. But this species is also unique and valuable because of its dwindling numbers; according to the IUCN, the population of Bornean orangutans has declined by nearly two-thirds since the 1970s. The most significant factors contributing to this are hunting and forest land conversion. Another threat to the species is the pet trade, which involves large sums of money. Aside from that, when orangutans move into agricultural areas and feed on them, residents commit heinous attacks, sometimes killings. The WWF is one of the few organizations that collaborate with governments and local governments to protect Bornean orangutans.
  • Blue Whale: Blue whales are the biggest creatures that have ever existed on Earth. They are enormous and may weigh up to 150,000 kg, which is equivalent to 30 elephants. Blue whales have been discovered all around the planet. Larger individuals can grow to be 33.5 meters long. They often have lengthy bodies with mottled grey color patterns that appear pale blue through the water. There are many more fascinating facts about blue whales, but the most tragic is that they are endangered. When the International Whaling Commission named them a protected species in 1966, the creatures were nearly extinct. 

Image by Thomas Kelley

Addax: The addax is a severely endangered desert antelope that lives in Africa’s Sahara Desert. It is sometimes referred to as a white antelope. Depending on the session, this animal’s coat color might vary. In the winter, it may be grey or brown, while in the summer, it could be sandy or white. These creatures’ necks and heads are mostly brown. Addax is a desert species that can survive in extreme environments where no other creatures can. This also implies they don’t have much competition for food or water. People that visit their range in automobiles pose the greatest threat to these creatures. They slaughter these sluggish antelopes. It is reported that when an automobile pursues an addax herd, they desperately try to flee, but eventually, run out of energy and are killed.

Image by Dusan Veverkolog

Mountain Gorillas: Mountain gorillas are huge apes that dwell mostly in national parks in Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They are a severely endangered species with a population of roughly 800. Mountain gorillas are naturally timid yet powerful creatures. When provoked, they may become quite violent. They assault their opponents while beating their chests and roaring angrily. Mother gorillas will fight to the death to protect their offspring. Mountain gorillas are in danger of extinction. Humans are their biggest adversaries since they hunt them and destroy their habitats. Diseases are another factor contributing to their population decline. They are extremely sensitive to human-transmitted infections, such as the common cold.

Image by Michael Mckenney

Proboscis Monkey

The Proboscis Monkey: The proboscis monkey is a Southeast Asian island native to Borneo. With its long and pendulous nose, this is one of Borneo’s most easily identified primates. As a result, it is also known as the long-nosed monkey. Proboscis monkeys have partially webbed feet that allow them to swim well. They have become endangered as a result of extensive habitat destruction and hunting. There are now fewer than 1000 of them left in the world. Conversion of forest land for agricultural purposes has become a major threat to their survival. They are also prey to poaching. They are hunted for bushmeat and traditional Chinese medicine. As a result, the population is said to have decreased by more than half over the last four decades.

Image by Charge The Globe

These are some of the creatures that are on the verge of extinction as a result of man’s irrational slaughter. Not only have these creatures become endangered, but many more are on the edge of extinction. However, all hope is not lost, as mankind is becoming more conscious that every species is a vital component of nature. There are several attempts underway throughout the world to save creatures on the verge of extinction.

Also ReadFOSSIL FUEL AND GLOBAL WARMING KEEPING THE EARTH IN AGONY | WILL HUMANS GO EXTINCT BECAUSE OF IT?

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